Mahmuz Emran:There was a time when it was almost unimaginable for the women of this region to go out of the house, that same woman is now going out of the country. Contributing to the national economy. In the last 30 years, 1 lakh 457 women have taken jobs and migrated to different countries of the world.
The story begins three decades ago. In 1991, only 2,179 women entered the labor market and made their contribution to the country’s economy. Since that beginning, the number of women going abroad has been increasing. However, it also has the opposite picture. The number of less qualified women returning to the country after being harassed in order to survive in the labor market is not less.
Now the government wants to send women abroad by overcoming all the obstacles. There are plans to ensure safety in the workplace.
According to the Bureau of Manpower Employment and Training (BMET), women workers were added to manpower exports in 1991. In that year, a total of 2,179 workers were sent to 12 countries. Of these, 29 were in Saudi Arabia, 418 in UAE, 417 in Kuwait, 36 in Oman, 143 in Bahrain, 25 in Lebanon, 926 in Malaysia, 1 in Singapore, 2 in London, 3 in Pakistan, 6 in Brunei and 6 in Mauritius. John and 4 more people have taken jobs in other countries. In all, 2169 people.
According to the data, in the following year, in 1992, 1,906 women manpower was exported, in 1993, 1,793 people, in 1994, 1,995 people, in 1995, 1,612 people, in 1996, 1,994 people, in 1996, 1,082 people. 939 in 1996, 38 in 1999, 454 in 2000, 659 in 2001, 1,217 in 2002, 2,353 in 2003, 11,259 in 2004, 13,570 in 2005, 2006 18 thousand 45 people in 2006, 19 thousand 94 people in 2006, 20 thousand 742 people in 2008, 22 thousand 224 people in 2009, 26 thousand 606 people in 2010,30 thousand 579 people in 2011, 33 thousand 202 people in 2012, 56 thousand 400 people in 2013, 6 thousand 6 people in 2014, 1 lakh 3 thousand 618 people in 2015, 1 lakh 16 thousand 7 people in 2016, 1 lakh in 2016. 21 thousand 925 people, 1 lakh 1 thousand 795 people in 2016, 1 lakh 4 thousand 6 people in 2019. In the year 2020, 21 thousand 934 women have taken jobs in different countries of the world. Where even half of the male workers could not go.
In 2021, 80,143 women went abroad for work. And 10 thousand 290 people have gone in the last two months.
According to sources, women workers currently visit Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, Lebanon, Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and Mauritius the most. Most of the women are domestic workers and work in the readymade garment industry. Saudi Arabia currently has the highest demand for female domestic workers. Since there is an opportunity to send more women with less qualifications, there have been more cases of cheating.
It is learned that the government has a memorandum of understanding with Saudi Arabia to ensure job security and pay inequality due to the increasing number of women going abroad. Although the terms of this agreement do not mean anyone!
Shakirul Islam, chairman of the Migrant Development Program (OCAP), said: We don’t want to see any women come back. The implementation of the MoU with Saudi Arabia will reduce the incidence of cheating on women. Besides, the government will have to see whether such agreements can be made with other countries.
The number of women workers going to different countries is increasing day by day due to the relatively low cost of migration. At the same time, the rate of sending remittances to women workers has also increased. According to the Refugee and Migratory Movements Research Unit (RAMRU), Bangladesh’s foreign exchange reserves reached a record $ 4 trillion even during the coronavirus epidemic.
According to a report by the company, women workers sent more money at that time. They sent 69 percent, while male workers sent only 30 percent. The amount of money that a woman spends to go abroad, women can bring in an average of six months.
Ramru chairman Tasneem Siddiqui said, “The cost of sending women workers is less than the cost of immigration. As a result, it is possible to raise the cost of immigration in less time. On the other hand, the rate of sending remittances to women is also high”he said.
Since women are being sent to the labor market at low cost, the demand for more sustainable protection for women in exile is long-standing. Immigration groups say women need to be protected in the workplace, and that embassies must be staffed if necessary.
Bureau of Manpower Employment and Training (BMET) Director General Shahidul Alam said, “The government is emphasizing on women workers. Arrangements are being made to train women in BMET training centers. We want a woman not to be cheated, they will go in a legal way. The government has initiated measures to ensure the safety of their work and ensure that women get proper remuneration.
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